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Properties of substance:

nitroethane



skc-file

Physical appearance:

colorless liquid

Empirical formula (Hill's system for organic substances):

C2H5NO2

Structural formula as text:

CH3CH2NO2

Molar/atomic mass: 75.067

Melting point (°C):

-89.52

Boiling point (°C):

114.1

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

acetone: soluble [Ref.]
water: 4.6 (20°C) [Ref.]
water: 5.6 (50°C) [Ref.]
diethyl ether: miscible [Ref.]
chloroform: soluble [Ref.]
ethanol: miscible [Ref.]

Density:

1.05057 (20°C, g/cm3)

Index of refraction:

1.39193 (20°C)

Vapour pressure (Torr):

20 (15.56°C)

    Dissociation:

    pKa (1) = 8.44 (25°C, water)

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -143.9 (l)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    134.4 (l)

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -103.8 (g)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    320.5 (g)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    79 (g)

    LD50 (mg/kg):

    860 (mice, )

    Critical temperature (°C):

    388.6

    References:

    1. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. - 90ed. - CRC Press, 2010. - pp. 5-22
    2. Dean J.A. Lange's handbook of chemistry. - 1999. - pp. 1.284
    3. Flick E.W. Industrial solvent handbook. - 5ed. - 1998. - pp. 211-212, 216
    4. Огородников С.К., Лестева Т.М., Коган В.Б. Азеотропные смеси: Справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1971. - pp. 218-220
    5. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 168
    6. Справочник химика. - Т.3. - М.-Л.: Химия, 1965. - pp. 390-391
    7. Химическая энциклопедия. - Т.3. - М.: Советская энциклопедия, 1992. - pp. 279
    8. Химический энциклопедический словарь. - Под ред. Кнунянц И.Л. - М.: Советсткая энциклопедия, 1983. - pp. 389
    9. Энергетические конденсированные системы. - Под ред. Жукова Б.П., 2-е изд. - М.: Янус-К, 2000. - pp. 323-324
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      © Collected Ruslan Anatolievich Kiper, burewestnik@mail.ru