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Properties of substance:

lithium chloride


Physical appearance:

colorless crystals

Empirical formula (Hill's system):

ClLi

Structural formula:

LiCl

Molar/atomic mass: 42.39

Melting point (°C):

614

Boiling point (°C):

1380

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

n-butanol: 12.98 (25°C)
N-methylformamide: 23 (25°C)
liquid ammonia: 0.54 (-34°C)
acetone: 1.2 (20°C)
acetone: 0.61 (50°C)
acetonitrile: 0.15 (18°C)
acetonitrile: 0.14 (25°C)
water: 68.3 (0°C)
water: 74.5 (10°C)
water: 83.2 (20°C)
water: 84.5 (25°C)
water: 85.9 (30°C)
water: 89.4 (40°C)
water: 98.8 (60°C)
water: 112.3 (80°C)
water: 128.8 (100°C)
water: 134.2 (125°C)
water: 139.7 (150°C)
hydrazine: 16 (20°C)
glycerol: 11.1 (15°C)
dimethylamine: soluble
dimethylformamide: 11 (28°C)
sulfur dioxide: 0.012 (0°C)
methanol: 45.2 (0°C)
methanol: 44.2 (10°C)
methanol: 43.8 (20°C)
methanol: 44.1 (40°C)
methanol: 44.6 (60°C)
methylamine: very soluble
formic acid: 26.6 (18°C)
formic acid: 27.5 (25°C)
selenium(IV) oxychloride: 3.32 (25°C)
pyridine: 7.8 (15°C)
propanol: 15.85 (20°C)
quinoline: 0.1517 (0°C)
quinoline: 0.355 (25°C)
quinoline: 1.2369 (67°C)
quinoline: 0.4584 (96°C)
ethanol: 14.4 (0°C)
ethanol: 16.8 (10°C)
ethanol: 24.3 (20°C)
ethanol: 25.4 (40°C)
ethanol: 23.5 (60°C)

Gigroscopic:

yes

Density:

2.07 (25°C, g/cm3)

Vapour pressure (Torr):

0.1 (674°C)
1 (785°C)
10 (934°C)
100 (1130°C)

Viscosity (mPa·s):

1.59 (637°C)
1.21 (707°C)
0.87 (807°C)

Surface tension (mN/m):

128 (620°C)
127 (650°C)
124 (700°C)
123 (800°C)
114 (870°C)

Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

-408.3 (s)

Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

-384 (s)

Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

59.3 (s)

Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

48.03 (s)

Molar enthalpy (heat) of fusion ΔfusH (kJ/mol):

13.4

Enthalpy (heat) of vaporization ΔvapH (kJ/mol):

150.6

Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

-195 (g)

Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

212.74 (g)

Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

33.25 (g)

LD50 (mg/kg):

1170 (white mice, oral)
775 (rabbits, oral)
700 (rabbits, subcutaneous)
925 (rats, intraperitoneal)
1530 (rats, oral)
624 (guinea pig, intraperitoneal)
680 (mice, intraperitoneal)
970 (mice, subcutaneous)

    References:

    1. Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. - pp. 912-919
    2. Вредные вещества в промышленности: Справочник для химиков, инженеров и врачей. - 7-е изд., Т.3. - Л.: Химия, 1976. - pp. 321
    3. Вредные химические вещества: Неорганические соединения элементов I-IV групп. Справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1988. - pp. 26
    4. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 77
    5. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.1. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1961. - pp. 638-642, 738-739
    6. Фурман А.А. Неорганические хлориды (химия и технология). - М.: Химия, 1980. - pp. 26-33
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