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Properties of substance:

ammonium chloride


Physical appearance:

colorless crystals

Empirical formula (Hill's system):

H4ClN

Structural formula:

NH4Cl

Molar/atomic mass: 53.49

Sublimation point (°C):

337.6

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

liquid ammonia: 5.5 (-52.9°C)
liquid ammonia: 11.1 (-39.3°C)
liquid ammonia: 14.75 (-33.9°C)
liquid ammonia: 29.2 (-20.5°C)
acetone: slightly soluble
water: 24.5 (-15°C)
water: 29.4 (0°C)
water: 33.2 (10°C)
water: 37.2 (20°C)
water: 39.3 (25°C)
water: 41.4 (30°C)
water: 45.8 (40°C)
water: 50.4 (50°C)
water: 55.2 (60°C)
water: 65.6 (80°C)
water: 78.6 (100°C)
hydrazine: 75 (20°C)
glycerol: 9.7 (25°C)
glycerol 86.5%: 12.6 (20°C)
dimethylformamide: 0.1 (25°C)
sulfur dioxide: 0.009 (0°C)
sulfur dioxide: 0.0031 (25°C)
diethyl ether: insoluble
methanol: 3.2 (17°C)
methanol: 3.35 (19°C)
methanol: 3.54 (25°C)
propanol: 0.18 (25°C)
acetic acid: 0.067 (16.6°C)
ethanol 80%: 4 (15°C)
ethanol 80%: 5.3 (30°C)
ethanol abs.: 0.6 (15°C)
ethyl acetate: insoluble

Gigroscopic:

yes

Density:

1.526 (20°C, d4)

Index of refraction:

1.642 (20°C)

Vapour pressure (Torr):

100 (270°C)

Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

-314.2 (s)

Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

-203.2 (s)

Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

95.8 (s)

Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

84.1 (s)

LD50 (mg/kg):

1650 (rats, oral)
1439 (mice, intraperitoneal)
1300 (mice, oral)

    References:

    1. Lewis R.J. Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. - 11ed. - Wiley-interscience, 2004. - pp. 231
    2. Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. - pp. 1078-1093
    3. Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and organic substances. - 2ed. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1919. - pp. 44-50
    4. The Merck Index 11th ed., Merck & Company, 1989. - pp. 532
    5. Позин М.Е. Технология минеральных солей (удобрений, пестицидов, промышленных солей, окислов и кислот). - Ч.2. - Л.: Химия, 1974. - pp. 1253-1259
    6. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 54
    7. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.1. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1961. - pp. 213, 740-741
    8. Справочник химика. - Т.2. - Л.-М.: Химия, 1964. - pp. 265
    9. Химическая энциклопедия. - Т.1. - М.: Советская энциклопедия, 1988. - pp. 155
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      © Collected Kiper Ruslan Anatolievich