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Properties of substance:

aluminium chloride


aluminum chloride;

Physical appearance:

colorless crystals

Empirical formula (Hill's system):

AlCl3

Structural formula:

AlCl3

CAS No: 7446-70-0

Molar/atomic mass: 133.34

Sublimation point (°C):

181.2

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

liquid ammonia: insoluble
acetone: soluble
benzoyl chloride: 23.15 (20°C)
benzene: 0.2 (17°C)
benzene: 1.24 (80°C)
benzonitrile: soluble
benzophenone: 23.92 (60°C)
water: 44.9 (0°C)
water: 46.3 (10°C)
water: 45.1 (25°C)
water: 47 (30°C)
water: 46.5 (60°C)
hexane: 0.005 (20°C)
hydrazine: 1 (20°C)
diethyl ether: soluble
ligroin: insoluble
m-xylene: 0.1134 (19.9°C)
nitrobenzene: 21.95 (15°C)
carbon disulphide: slightly soluble
carbon tetrachloride: 0.074 (4°C)
carbon tetrachloride: 0.022 (14°C)
carbon tetrachloride: 0.015 (20°C)
carbon tetrachloride: 0.006 (34°C)
toluene: 0.38 (17°C)
toluene: 1.35 (73°C)
chloroform: 0.065 (-15°C)
chloroform: 0.1 (0°C)
chloroform: 0.072 (25°C)
cyclohexane: 0.0098 (20.5°C)
ethanol: 100 (12.5°C)
ethyl acetate: insoluble

Density:

2.44 (25°C, g/cm3)

Vapour pressure (Torr):

1 (99°C)
10 (123°C)
100 (151°C)

Synthesis 1

Viscosity (mPa·s):

0.35 (197°C)
0.26 (237°C)
0.2 (277°C)

Surface tension (mN/m):

9.12 (200°C)
6.3 (240°C)
3.49 (280°C)
1.38 (310°C)

Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

-704.2 (s)

Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

-628.6 (s)

Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

109.3 (s)

Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

91 (s)

Molar enthalpy (heat) of fusion ΔfusH (kJ/mol):

35.3

Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

-585 (g)

Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

314 (g)

Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

72 (g)

LD50 (mg/kg):

980 (, oral)

    References:

    1. Bretherick's Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards. - 6 ed., Vol. 1. - Butterworth-Heinemann, 1999. - pp. 36-38
    2. Lewis R.J. Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. - 11ed. - Wiley-interscience, 2004. - pp. 131-132
    3. Patnaik P. Handbook of inorganic chemicals. - McGraw-Hill, 2003. - pp. 6-7
    4. Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. - pp. 83-88
    5. Гринвуд Н., Эрншо А. Химия элементов. - Т.1. - М.: БИНОМ. Лаборатория знаний, 2008. - pp. 224
    6. Некрасов Б.В. Основы общей химии. - Т.2. - М.: Химия, 1973. - pp. 44-45
    7. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 53
    8. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.1. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1961. - pp. 297, 852-857
    9. Химический энциклопедический словарь. - Под ред. Кнунянц И.Л. - М.: Советсткая энциклопедия, 1983. - pp. 30
    10. Якименко Л.М. Производство хлора, каустической соды и неорганических хлорпродуктов. - М.: Химия, 1974. - pp. 515-530
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