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Properties of substance:

sodium chloride

Group of substances:

inorganic

Physical appearance:

colorless cubic crystals

Empirical formula (Hill's system for organic substances):

ClNa

Structural formula as text:

NaCl

Molar/atomic mass: 58.44

Melting point (°C):

801

Boiling point (°C):

1455

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

1-butanol: 0.005 (20°C) [Ref.]
1-hexanol: 0.001 (20°C) [Ref.]
1-pentanol: 0.002 (20°C) [Ref.]
2-butanol: 0.00047 (25°C) [Ref.]
2-ethyl-1-hexanol: 0.0001 (20°C) [Ref.]
N-methylformamide: 3.2 (25°C) [Ref.]
acetic acid: 0.074 (30°C) [Ref.]
acetic acid: 0.162 (92°C) [Ref.]
acetone: 0.000032 (18°C) [Ref.]
acetone: 0.000044 (37°C) [Ref.]
acetonitrile: 0.00015 (18°C) [Ref.]
acetonitrile: 0.00025 (25°C) [Ref.]
ammonia liquid : 4.2 (-30°C) [Ref.]
ammonia liquid : 12.9 (0°C) [Ref.]
benzonitrile: insoluble [Ref.]
benzylic alcohol: 0.017 (20°C) [Ref.]
bromine liquid: 0.001 (25°C) [Ref.]
carbon dioxide liquid: insoluble [Ref.]
deuterium oxide: 29.2 (0°C) [Ref.]
deuterium oxide: 30.1 (20°C) [Ref.]
deuterium oxide: 31.3 (50°C) [Ref.]
deuterium oxide: 33.9 (100°C) [Ref.]
diethyl ether: insoluble [Ref.]
dimethylformamide: 0.04 (25°C) [Ref.]
dimethylsulfoxide: 0.5 [Ref.]
ethanol 30%: 17.51 (15°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 40%: 13.25 (15°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 50%: 9.77 (15°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 60%: 5.96 (15°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 75%: 0.661 (14°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 75%: 0.7 (15.2°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 75%: 0.736 (38°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 75%: 1.033 (71.5°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 80%: 1.22 (15°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 95.5%: 0.174 (15°C) [Ref.]
ethanol 95.5%: 0.171 (77.2°C) [Ref.]
ethanol abs.: 0.065 (18.5°C) [Ref.]
ethanolamine: 1.86 (25°C) [Ref.]
ethyl acetate: 0.24 [Ref.]
ethylene glycol : 46.4 (1.8°C) [Ref.]
ethylene glycol : 7.15 (25°C) [Ref.]
ethylenediamine: 0.33 (25°C) [Ref.]
formamide: 9.4 (25°C) [Ref.]
formic acid 95%: 5.8 (19.7°C) [Ref.]
glycerol: 8.2 (25°C) [Ref.]
hydrazine: 8 (20°C) [Ref.]
hydrochloric acid 36,5%: 0.11 (30°C) [Ref.]
hydrogen cyanide: sparingly soluble [Ref.]
hydrogen fluoride : reaction [Ref.]
hydrogen peroxide: 17.6 (-14.5°C) [Ref.]
hydrogen peroxide: 18.4 (-10°C) [Ref.]
hydrogen peroxide: 20.5 (0°C) [Ref.]
hydroxylamine: 14.7 (17.5°C) [Ref.]
i-amyl alcohol: 0.0016 (20°C) [Ref.]
i-butanol: 0.0022 (20°C) [Ref.]
i-butanol: 0.0005 (20°C) [Ref.]
i-butanol: 0.0023 (30°C) [Ref.]
i-butanol: 0.0027 (40°C) [Ref.]
i-butanol: 0.0028 (50°C) [Ref.]
i-propanol: 0.0027 (25°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 1.41 (20°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 1.39 (25°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 1.37 (30°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 1.31 (40°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 1.27 (50°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 1.22 (60°C) [Ref.]
methyl acetate: insoluble [Ref.]
nickel tetracarbonyl: insoluble [Ref.]
oil of turpentine: insoluble [Ref.]
phosphorus(V) trichloride oxide: 0.018 [Ref.]
propanol: 0.012 (25°C) [Ref.]
pyridine: insoluble [Ref.]
selenium(IV) oxychloride: 0.57 (25°C) [Ref.]
sulfur dioxide: 0.016 (0°C) [Ref.]
tetrahydrofuran: 0.0225 (25°C) [Ref.]
water: 35.7 (0°C) [Ref.]
water: 35.9 (20°C) [Ref.]
water: 36.4 (40°C) [Ref.]
water: 37.2 (60°C) [Ref.]
water: 38.1 (80°C) [Ref.]
water: 39.4 (100°C) [Ref.]

Multicomponent solubility (in wt%):

water 89,9975%, sodium chloride 10%, silver chloride 0,0025%, 15 °C [Ref.]
water 77,9761%, sodium chloride 21,98%, silver chloride 0,0439%, 15 °C [Ref.]
water 73,563%, sodium chloride 26,31%, silver chloride 0,127%, 15 °C [Ref.]
water 94,4426%, sodium chloride 5%, calcium sulfate 0,5574%, 20 °C, separating phase: CaSO4 * 2H2O [Ref.]
water 89,3462%, sodium chloride 10%, calcium sulfate 0,6538%, 20 °C, separating phase: CaSO4 * 2H2O [Ref.]
water 84,3578%, sodium chloride 15%, calcium sulfate 0,6422%, 20 °C, separating phase: CaSO4 * 2H2O [Ref.]
water 79,4101%, sodium chloride 20%, calcium sulfate 0,5899%, 20 °C, separating phase: CaSO4 * 2H2O [Ref.]
water 98,6635%, sodium chloride 1%, calcium sulfate 0,3365%, 20 °C, separating phase: CaSO4 * 2H2O [Ref.]
water 23,1%, IPA 75,2%, sodium chloride 1,7%, 25 °C [Ref.]
water 64,38%, IPA 25,45%, sodium chloride 10,17%, 25 °C [Ref.]
water 73%, IPA 5,9%, sodium chloride 21,1%, 25 °C [Ref.]
water 68,5%, sodium chloride 23,3%, potassium sulfate 6,1%, potassium chloride 2,1%, 20 °C, separating phase: NaCl + NaK3(SO4)2 [Ref.]

Properties of solutions:

1% (wt.), solvent - water
  Density (g/cm3) = 1,0053 (20°)
  Electrical Conductivity (mS/cm) = 16 (20°)
5% (wt.), solvent - water
  Surface Tension (mN/m) = 73,95 (18°)
  Electrical Conductivity (mS/cm) = 70,1 (20°)
10% (wt.), solvent - water

  Dynamic viscosity (mPa·s) = 1,193 (20°)
  Density (g/cm3) = 1,0707 (20°)
  Surface Tension (mN/m) = 75,65 (18°)
  Index of refraction = 1,3505 (20°)
  Freezing point (°C) = -6,56
  Thermal conductivity (W/m·K) = 35,38 (20°)
  Electrical Conductivity (mS/cm) = 126 (20°)
20% (wt.), solvent - water
  Dynamic viscosity (mPa·s) = 1,557 (20°)
  Density (g/cm3) = 1,1478 (20°)
  Index of refraction = 1,3684 (20°)
  Freezing point (°C) = -16,46
  Thermal conductivity (W/m·K) = 34,67 (20°)
  Electrical Conductivity (mS/cm) = 204 (20°)
25% (wt.), solvent - water
  Electrical Conductivity (mS/cm) = 222 (20°)
26% (wt.), solvent - water
  Density (g/cm3) = 1,1972 (20°)

Density:

2.165 (20°C, g/cm3)

Index of refraction:

1.54 (20°C)

Vapour pressure (Torr):

0.000001 (442°C)
0.00001 (487°C)
0.0001 (539°C)
0.001 (599°C)
0.01 (670°C)
0.1 (752°C)
1 (863°C)
10 (1014°C)
100 (1216°C)

    Dipole moment (D):

    9.00117

    Viscosity (mPa·s):

    1.38 (817°C)
    1.12 (867°C)
    0.95 (917°C)
    0.82 (967°C)

    Surface tension (mN/m):

    114 (803°C)
    110 (850°C)
    107 (900°C)
    102 (970°C)

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -411.1 (s)

    Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -384 (s)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/(mol·K)):

    72.12 (s)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/(mol·K)):

    49.71 (s)

    Molar enthalpy (heat) of fusion ΔfusH (kJ/mol):

    28.5

    Enthalpy (heat) of vaporization ΔvapH (kJ/mol):

    171

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -182.3 (g)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/(mol·K)):

    229.68 (g)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/(mol·K)):

    35.79 (g)

    Enthalpy (heat) of solution ΔsolH (kJ)

    5,127 (s) [18°C, 1 mol in 400 mol of water] [Ref.]

    LD50 (mg/kg):

    3700 (rats, oral)
    2600 (rats, intraperitoneal)
    3150 (mice, subcutaneous)
    2900 (mice, intraperitoneal)

    References:

    1. Comey A. M., Hahn D. A. A dictionary of Chemical Solubilities Inorganic. - 2 ed. - New York, The MacMillan Company, 1921. - pp. 838-850
    2. Indian Journal of Chemistry. Section A. - 2005. - Vol. 44, No. 8. - pp. 1595
    3. Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. - pp. 1217-1249
    4. Hanf N.W., Sole M.J. High-temperature hydrolysis of sodium chloride / Transactions of the Faraday Society. - 1970. - Vol. 66. - pp. 3065-3074
    5. Беликов В.Г. Учебное пособие по фармацевтической химии. - М.: Медицина, 1979. - pp. 18 [Russian]
    6. Вредные химические вещества: Неорганические соединения элементов I-IV групп. Справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1988. - pp. 36 [Russian]
    7. Гринвуд Н., Эрншо А. Химия элементов. - Т.1. - М.: БИНОМ. Лаборатория знаний, 2008. - pp. 77 [Russian]
    8. Гринвуд Н., Эрншо А. Химия элементов. - Т.2. - М.: БИНОМ. Лаборатория знаний, 2008. - pp. 299 [Russian]
    9. Девяткин В.В., Ляхова Ю.М. Химия для любознательных, или о чем не узнаешь на уроке. - Ярославль: Академия Холдинг, 2000. - pp. 30, 65-70, 76 [Russian]
    10. Иванов В.М., Семененко К.А., Прохорова Г.В., Симонов Е.Ф. Натрий. - М.: Наука, 1986. - pp. 239 [Russian]
    11. Новый справочник химика и технолога. Химическое равновесие. Свойства растворов. - СПб.: НПО Профессионал, 2004, 2007. - pp. 248, 398, 401 [Russian]
    12. Позин М.Е. Технология минеральных солей (удобрений, пестицидов, промышленных солей, окислов и кислот). - Ч.1. - Л.: Химия, 1974. - pp. 60-97 [Russian]
    13. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 86 [Russian]
    14. Реми Г. Курс неорганической химии. - Т.1. - М., 1963. - pp. 213-216 [Russian]
    15. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.1. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1961. - pp. 653-657, 738-739 [Russian]
    16. Справочник химика. - 2 изд., Т.1. - Л.-М.: Химия, 1966. - pp. 602, 610 [Russian]
    17. Справочник химика. - Т.3. - М.-Л.: Химия, 1965. - pp. 289-302 [Russian]
    18. Справочник химика. - Т.5. - Л.-М.: Химия, 1966. - pp. 94-95, 260 [Russian]
    19. Справочник экспериментальных данных по растворимости солевых систем. - Т. 3. - Л.: ГНТИХЛ, 1961. - pp. 1678-1732 [Russian]
    20. Токсикологическая химия. - Под ред. Плетеневой Т.В. - М.: ГЭОТАР-Медиа, 2005. - pp. 27 [Russian]
    21. Токсикологический вестник. - 2004. - №3. - pp. 38 [Russian]
    22. Фурман А.А. Неорганические хлориды (химия и технология). - М.: Химия, 1980. - pp. 33-43 [Russian]
    23. Химическая технология неорганических веществ. - Кн.1, под ред. Ахметова Т.Г. - М.: Высшая школа, 2002. - pp. 10-18 [Russian]
    24. Химическая энциклопедия. - Т. 3. - М.: Советская энциклопедия, 1992. - pp. 189 [Russian]
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      © Collected Ruslan Anatolievich Kiper, burewestnik@mail.ru