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Properties of substance:

antimony(V) chloride


Physical appearance:

liquid

Empirical formula (Hill's system):

Cl5Sb

Structural formula:

SbCl5

Molar/atomic mass: 299.02

Melting point (°C):

2.8

Boiling point (°C):

140

Destruction point (°C):

106

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

water: reaction
methanol: soluble
selenium(IV) oxychloride: 62.97 (25°C)
carbon tetrachloride: soluble
chloroform: soluble
ethanol: soluble

Density:

2.34 (20°C, g/cm3)

Index of refraction:

1.601 (20°C)

Vapour pressure (Torr):

1 (22.2°C)
10 (61.2°C)

    Permittivity (dielectric constant):

    3.78 (21.5°C)

    Dipole moment (D):

    0 (20°C)

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -437.2 (l)

    Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -345.35 (l)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    295 (l)

    Molar enthalpy (heat) of fusion ΔfusH (kJ/mol):

    10

    Enthalpy (heat) of vaporization ΔvapH (kJ/mol):

    48.4

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -388.8 (g)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    402 (g)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    120.9 (g)

    LD50 (mg/kg):

    1115 (rats, oral)

    References:

    1. Lewis R.J. Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. - 11ed. - Wiley-interscience, 2004. - pp. 277-278
    2. Patnaik P. Handbook of inorganic chemicals. - McGraw-Hill, 2003. - pp. 50-52
    3. Некрасов Б.В. Основы общей химии. - Т.1. - М.: Химия, 1973. - pp. 477
    4. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 101
    5. Спицын В.И., Мартыненко Л.И. Неорганическая химия. - Ч.2. - М.: ИМУ, 1994. - pp. 428-429
    6. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.1. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1961. - pp. 943
    7. Химический энциклопедический словарь. - Под ред. Кнунянц И.Л. - М.: Советсткая энциклопедия, 1983. - pp. 555
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      © Collected Ruslan Anatolievich Kiper, burewestnik@mail.ru