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Properties of substance:

antimony(III) chloride


antimony trichloride;

Physical appearance:

colorless rhombic crystals

Empirical formula (Hill's system):

Cl3Sb

Structural formula:

SbCl3

Molar/atomic mass: 228.11

Melting point (°C):

73.2

Boiling point (°C):

233

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

1,4-dichlorobenzene: 16.3 (50°C)
liquid ammonia: insoluble
acetone: 537.6 (18°C)
benzoyl chloride: 169.5 (25°C)
benzene: 32.6 (10°C)
benzene: 43.9 (20°C)
benzene: 154 (60°C)
benzonitrile: soluble
bromobenzene: 17.4 (-20°C)
bromobenzene: 52.2 (0°C)
bromobenzene: 108 (20°C)
bromobenzene: 604 (60°C)
bromobenzene: miscible (73°C)
water: 601.6 (0°C)
water: 815.8 (15°C)
water: 988.1 (25°C)
water: 1368 (40°C)
water: 1917 (50°C)
water: 4531 (60°C)
water: miscible (70°C)
sulfur monochloride: soluble
cyanogen liquid: sparingly soluble
diethyl ether: soluble
m-xylene: 113 (5°C)
m-xylene: 191.5 (25°C)
selenium(IV) oxychloride: 62.97 (25°C)
p-cymene: 85.5 (10°C)
p-cymene: 150 (30°C)
carbon disulphide: soluble
carbon tetrachloride: sparingly soluble
tetrachloroethane: 21.75 (25°C)
toluene: 70.9 (0°C)
toluene: 169 (20°C)
arsenic tribromide: very soluble
phosphorus tribromide : very soluble
phosphorus trichloride: very soluble
acetic acid: 440.5 (25°C)
monochlorbenzene: 12.5 (-30°C)
monochlorbenzene: 79.2 (0°C)
monochlorbenzene: 127 (20°C)
monochlorbenzene: 747 (60°C)
chloroform: soluble
cyclohexane: 1.2 (20°C)
cyclohexane: 10.7 (60°C)
ethanol: soluble
ethyl acetate: 5.9 (18°C)
ethylbenzene: 23.2 (10°C)
ethylbenzene: 79.9 (30°C)

Gigroscopic:

yes

Density:

3.14 (20°C, g/cm3)

Vapour pressure (Torr):

0.1 (18.1°C)
1 (45°C)
10 (85.4°C)
100 (143°C)

    Permittivity (dielectric constant):

    33.2 (75°C)

    Dipole moment (D):

    3.93 (20°C)

    Surface tension (mN/m):

    49.6 (74.5°C)
    42.6 (137°C)
    38.3 (178°C)

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -381.2 (s)

    Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -322.5 (s)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    110.5 (s)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    183.3 (s)

    Molar enthalpy (heat) of fusion ΔfusH (kJ/mol):

    12.5

    Enthalpy (heat) of vaporization ΔvapH (kJ/mol):

    45.73

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -312 (g)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    338.5 (g)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    77.4 (g)

    LD50 (mg/kg):

    25 (mice, intraperitoneal)

    Critical temperature (°C):

    521

    Critical density (g/cm3):

    0.842

    References:

    1. Comey A. M., Hahn D. A. A dictionary of Chemical Solubilities Inorganic. - 2 ed. - New York, The MacMillan Company, 1921. - pp. 45-46
    2. Lewis R.J. Sax's Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials. - 11ed. - Wiley-interscience, 2004. - pp. 277
    3. Patnaik P. Handbook of inorganic chemicals. - McGraw-Hill, 2003. - pp. 55-56
    4. Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. - pp. 1474-1480
    5. Некрасов Б.В. Основы общей химии. - Т.1. - М.: Химия, 1973. - pp. 475
    6. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 101
    7. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.1. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1961. - pp. 334, 932-943
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      © Collected Ruslan Anatolievich Kiper, burewestnik@mail.ru