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Properties of substance:

carbon disulfide

Group of substances:

inorganic

Physical appearance:

colorless liquid

Empirical formula (Hill's system for organic substances):

CS2

Structural formula as text:

CS2

Molar/atomic mass: 76.13

Melting point (°C):

-111.61

Boiling point (°C):

46.24

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

benzene: miscible [Ref.]
carbon tetrachloride: miscible [Ref.]
chloroform: miscible [Ref.]
diethyl ether: miscible [Ref.]
dimethylsulfoxide: 45 (20.3°C) [Ref.]
ethanol abs.: miscible [Ref.]
formic acid: 4.66 (25°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 87.2 (13°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 110.75 (24.8°C) [Ref.]
methanol: 412.82 (40.6°C) [Ref.]
oils: miscible [Ref.]
oxygen liquid: 0.000076 (-183°C) [Ref.]
sulfolane: insoluble [Ref.]
water: 0.26 (0°C) [Ref.]
water: 0.217 (20°C) [Ref.]
water: 0.19 (30°C) [Ref.]
water: 0.014 (50°C) [Ref.]

Numerical data:

Interatomic distances (in pm): 156

Density:

1.263 (20°C, g/cm3)
1.2927 (0°C, g/cm3)
1.539 (-186°C, g/cm3)

Index of refraction:

1.6295 (18°C)

Vapour pressure (Torr):

1 (-73.8°C)
1.6 (-70°C)
3.5 (-60°C)
7.1 (-50°C)
10 (-44.9°C)
14 (-40°C)
26.2 (-30°C)
46.5 (-20°C)
78.8 (-10°C)
100 (-4.8°C)
127.3 (0°C)
198 (10°C)
297.5 (20°C)
432.7 (30°C)
616.7 (40°C)

    Permittivity (dielectric constant):

    2.625 (25°C)

    Dipole moment (D):

    0 (20°C)

    Viscosity (mPa·s):

    0.433 (0°C)
    0.365 (20°C)
    0.319 (40°C)
    0.297 (50°C)

    Surface tension (mN/m):

    35.45 (0°C)
    32.4 (20°C)
    27.8 (50°C)

    Speed sound (m/s):

    1157 (20°C, aggregative state - liquid)

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    88.7 (l)

    Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    64.4 (l)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/(mol·K)):

    151 (l)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/(mol·K)):

    75.73 (l)

    Molar enthalpy (heat) of fusion ΔfusH (kJ/mol):

    4.39

    Enthalpy (heat) of vaporization ΔvapH (kJ/mol):

    26.78

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    116.1 (g)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/(mol·K)):

    237.8 (g)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/(mol·K)):

    45.5 (g)

    LD50 (mg/kg):

    3188 (rats, oral)
    2780 (mice, oral)

    Critical temperature (°C):

    279

    Critical pressure (MPa):

    7.9

    Critical density (g/cm3):

    0.44

    References:

    1. Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. - pp. 238-240
    2. Seidell A. Solubilities of organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.2. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1941. - pp. 10-11
    3. Yalkowsky S.H., Yan H., Jain P. Handbook of aqueous solubility data. – 2nd ed. - CRC Press, 2010. - pp. 18
    4. Вредные вещества в промышленности: Справочник для химиков, инженеров и врачей. - 7-е изд., Т.3. - Л.: Химия, 1976. - pp. 56-63 [Russian]
    5. Гринвуд Н., Эрншо А. Химия элементов. - Т.1. - М.: БИНОМ. Лаборатория знаний, 2008. - pp. 297 [Russian]
    6. Ефимов А.И. и др. Свойства неорганических соединений. Справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1983. - pp. 204-205 [Russian]
    7. Корольченко А.Я., Корольченко Д.А. Пожаровзрывоопасность веществ и материалов и средства их тушения. - 2 изд, Ч.2. - М.: Ассоциация Пожнаука, 2004. - pp. 398 [Russian]
    8. Некрасов Б.В. Основы общей химии. - Т.1. - М.: Химия, 1973. - pp. 517-518 [Russian]
    9. Пеликс А.А. и др. Химия и технология сероуглерода. - Л.: Химия, 1986. - pp. 6-29 [Russian]
    10. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 106 [Russian]
    11. Реми Г. Курс неорганической химии. - Т.1. - М., 1963. - pp. 497-499 [Russian]
    12. Смуров В.С., Аранович Б.С. Производство сероуглерода. - М.-Л.: Химия, 1966 [Russian]
    13. Справочник азотчика. - Т. 1. - М.: Химия, 1967. - pp. 287-289 [Russian]
    14. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.1. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1961. - pp. 369 [Russian]
    15. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.2. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1962. - pp. 1043-1051 [Russian]
    16. Химическая энциклопедия. - Т. 4. - М.: Советская энциклопедия, 1995. - pp. 331-332 [Russian]
    17. Химия и жизнь. - 1990. - №5. - pp. 82 [Russian]
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      © Collected Ruslan Anatolievich Kiper, burewestnik@mail.ru