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Properties of substance:

chloroethane


Physical appearance:

colorless gas

Empirical formula (Hill's system):

C2H5Cl

Structural formula:

CH3CH2Cl

Molar/atomic mass: 64.51

Melting point (°C):

-138.7

Boiling point (°C):

12.27

Destruction point (°C):

510-530

Solubility (g/100 g of solvent):

water: 0.447 (0°C)
water: 0.574 (20°C)
diethyl ether: miscible
ethanol: 48.3 (21°C)

Density:

0.9214 (0°C, g/cm3)
0.9028 (15°C, g/cm3)

Index of refraction:

1.379 (20°C)

    Dipole moment (D):

    2.05 (20°C)

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -105 (g)

    Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -53.1 (g)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    275.73 (g)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    62.78 (g)

    Molar enthalpy (heat) of fusion ΔfusH (kJ/mol):

    4.45

    Autoignition temperature (°C):

    494

    Standard molar enthalpy (heat) of formation ΔfH0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -136.8 (l)

    Standard molar Gibbs energy of formation ΔfG0 (298.15 K, kJ/mol):

    -59.3 (l)

    Standard molar entropy S0 (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    190.8 (l)

    Molar heat capacity at constant pressure Cp (298.15 K, J/mol·K):

    104.3 (l)

    Critical temperature (°C):

    188.1

    Critical pressure (MPa):

    5.42

      References:

      1. CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. - 90ed. - CRC Press, 2010. - pp. 5-22
      2. Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data. - 1999. - Vol. 28, №2. - pp. 614-618
      3. Seidell A. Solubilities of organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.2. - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1941. - pp. 119
      4. Yalkowsky S.H., Yan H., Jain P. Handbook of aqueous solubility data. – 2nd ed. - CRC Press, 2010. - pp. 34
      5. Рабинович В.А., Хавин З.Я. Краткий химический справочник. - Л.: Химия, 1977. - pp. 199
      6. Справочник по растворимости. - Т.1, Кн.2. - М.-Л.: ИАН СССР, 1962. - pp. 1196
      7. Хёрд Ч.Д. Пиролиз соединений углерода. - Л.-М.: ГОНТИ РКТП СССР, 1938. - pp. 115-116
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        © Collected Kiper Ruslan Anatolievich, burewestnik@mail.ru